Dreaded diseases that were controlled by vaccines
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Tuberculosis (TB) resulted in an estimated 10.4 million new cases in 2016 and 1.7 million deaths. The history of the BCG vaccine revolves around the tale of two French scientists, Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin who from 1905 had been working on developing a vaccine against TB. BCG is an abbreviation of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, meaning the bacilli of Calmette and Guerin.
The vaccine was first used in humans in the year 1921.
It was given to a child (whose mother died of tuberculosis just after the baby was born) in Paris by Dr Weil-Hale. The baby was given 6 mg. of BCG orally, and grew up to be a perfectly normal boy. During the next three years (up to July 1924) a further 317 infants were also vaccinated and grew up to be perfectly fine.